People are getting better and better at managing chronic heart problems like high blood pressure or cholesterol levels. Lifestyle changes and medication are usually enough to rein the conditions in. But sometimes, heart conditions may be more severe, and heart transplant surgery may be needed to bring about a cure.
It is important to be familiar with the causes, symptoms and common treatments for various types of heart diseases. With our lifestyles becoming increasingly fast and stressful, surgeries to remediate heart disease is growing more common. We have done our research to present a comprehensive overview of heart transplant surgery in India.
Causes of Heart Diseases
Preventive action can ensure that heart transplant surgery, or other major procedures never become necessary. We tend to neglect our health in our daily habits and lifestyle choices, and these play a major role in the well being of our heart. Of course, in some cases a heart condition may be genetic, but it is still possible to lead a healthy life to reduce your chances of having heart diseases and the risk factors associated with it. In order to make these important lifestyle changes, we must first understand the factors that could be life-threatening heart disease causes.
- High blood pressure and unmanaged stress levels
- Obesity and unhealthy diet
- Genetic issues
- Damaged arterial lining- this is a side effect of cigarette smoking
- Type 2 diabetes
- Depression induced stress and increased blood pressure
Symptoms of Heart Diseases
Whether you suffer from high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or blockages, it is essential to address these problems in good time to ensure that they don’t lead up to a much more serious heart condition like a heart attack or heart failure. Those who suffer from a heart condition should be aware of the signs and symptoms that indicate something may be wrong. Here are a few early warning signs you shouldn’t ignore.
- Shooting chest pains that spread to the shoulders, arms, neck and back
- Nausea or abdominal pain
- Extreme tiredness, constant fatigue, lethargy, sleepiness, or unexplained exhaustion
- Breaking out in a cold sweating
- Difficulty with breathing with slight physical exertion
- Irregular heartbeat continued for long time
If you have three or more of these symptoms, do not panic. Having them may not necessarily indicate heart disease. Only a medical practitioner can certify officially weather you have a heart problem or not.
Types of Heart Diseases
From high blood pressure, to cholesterol, to heart attacks, we’re well versed with the list of heart ailments, but there are also some lesser known ones that a person may suffer from.
- Coronary heart disease resulting from a buildup of plaque on the inside of the arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart
- Angina caused by atherosclerosis, that is the narrowing and / or blockage of the blood vessels that supply the heart.
- Congenital heart disease is a broad term. Examples are holes in the heart, abnormal valves, and abnormal heart chambers.
- Heart valve problems caused by variety of conditions such as – valves may get narrowed, may leak or not close properly.
- Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. Which includes ischemic, loss of heart muscle; dilated, heart enlarged; hypertrophic, thickened heart muscle.
- Heart failure is a chronic condition that happens when the heart’s muscle becomes too damaged to adequately pump blood around your body.
- High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition caused by excessive force of blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels.
Treatment for Heart Diseases
As far as cardiac problems are concerned, the types of heart conditions determine which heart disease treatment is necessary for the patient. Medical professionals will first try to address the problem through lifestyle changes such as increasing physical activity and improving their diet.
When those methods fail, doctors have to use more invasive treatments to cure a patient, such as a heart transplant.
- Medications to relieve fluid buildup, treat blood pressure and prevent blood clots
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or angioplasty done by introducing thin, flexible tubes known as stents to widen coronary artery.
● Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting surgery to remove arteries or veins from other parts of body to use them to bypass blocked coronary arteries.
● Cardiac Rehabilitation which includes supervised program that teaches how to exercise safely and strengthen muscles.
● Heart transplant surgery in case of heart failure.
Heart Transplant Surgery
The heart is responsible for pumping blood throughout the system. When the heart is weakened by cardiovascular diseases to point that it cannot function efficiently on its own, it is called heart failure. It is at this stage that the sufferer would require a heart transplant surgery. After a thorough medical assessment and suitability of the heart, it can be transplanted into the body of the heart patient.
Before 1994, the only way to get a heart transplant surgery for Indians was to go abroad, a luxury most patients suffering end-stage heart disease could not afford.
The first heart transplant surgery in India was done in 1995. Even today heart transplant surgery is rare in India due to lack of funds for heart transplant surgery and also due to lack of availability of donors.
The amount of heart transplant surgeries from 1982-2004
Checklist to tick before heart transplant surgery:
Before the heart transplant surgery takes place you need to undergo various medical tests and checkups like, ECG, Cardiac catheterization, heart biopsies to check your fitness and success rate for heart transplant surgery.
You will also need to stop smoking and alcohol consumption before your heart transplant surgery takes place, if these apply to you.
What happens during a heart transplant surgery:
Heart transplant surgery consists of following procedures,
1. After a doctor decides that you need a heart transplant surgery to live, you are registered with heart transplant hospital for surgery and get on the waiting list officially.
- When doctors receive a heart, medical tests are performed to check the suitability of the heart. This step is crucial for the success of heart transplant surgery.
- Heart is removed from brain dead donor, and is transplanted within 4 hours of harvesting.
- The surgeon then remove your heart. The surgeon will make a cut in your breastbone to get access to your heart. You will be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine which makes the blood circulate around your body.
5. Your surgeon will then transplant your new heart.
6. After the heart transplant surgery you will be moved to the intensive care unit. Most people wake the following day. You will be sedated and breathe with the help of a ventilator machine until you are able to breathe for yourself.
Medical treatment after the heart transplant surgery:
You also will begin taking special medication to help prevent your body from rejecting your new heart. You will need to take medicines regularly, including immunosuppressants, and anti rejection drugs after your heart transplant surgery, for the rest of your life. Without them your body would rapidly recognise your new heart as ‘foreign’ and try to reject it.
Many people who have had a successful heart transplant surgery go on to live long and healthy lives.
Recovery period after heart transplant surgery?
After the heart transplant surgery, you typically will spend one to two days in the recovery room, two to three days in the intensive care unit, and about seven days in the transplant unit. During this time, you will be constantly monitored to ensure that your new heart is functioning well and that there are no rejection signs to the heart transplant surgery.
When you can go back to routine schedule after the heart transplant surgery?
Once you’ve recovered from heart transplant surgery you should be able to return to a wide range of activities including driving, holidays and physical activity. some people are even able to go back to work. But of course you need to consult to your doctor before taking any exhaustive physical activity after your heart transplant surgery.
Heart Transplant Surgery Facilities in India
There are several cardiology centers that specialize in heart transplantation surgery.
Below is a list of hospitals for heart treatment and heart transplant surgery in India, that offer specialized care for heart patients:
Hospitals for Heart transplant surgery in Mumbai
- Asian Heart Institute, BKC Rd,
Bharat Nagar, Bandra East,
Mumbai, Maharashtra 400051
Tel: 022 6698 6666
- Smt. S. R. Mehta & Sir K. P. Cardiac Institute
Plot No: 96, Near Gandhi Market, King Circle, Rd Number 31,
Sion East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400022
Phone: 022 2403 5454
Hospitals for Heart transplant surgery in Delhi
- Fortis Escorts Heart Institute & Research Center
Okhla Road, New Delhi, 110025
Tel: +91 11 4713 5000, +91 11 2682 5000
- Apollo Cardiac center, New Delhi
Delhi Mathura Road,
New Delhi – 110076 (India)
Tel: +91-11-26925858 / 26925801+91-11-26825563
Hospitals for Heart transplant surgery in Kerala
- Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences – KIMS
P.B.No.1, Anayara P.O, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695029, India
Patients from India – Phone: +91 471 304 1400
International Patients – Phone: 0471 3041888 /1388
- Lotus Heart Hospital
Pulamon Junction, Kottarakkara,
Phone: 0474 265 1122
Hospitals for Heart transplant surgery in Bangalore
- Manipal Heart Foundation
98, HAL Airport Road, Bangalore – 560017
Fax: 080-2526 6757
Tel: 080-2502 4444/3344
- Narayana Hrudayalaya
Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences
258/A,Bommasandra Industrial Area,
Bangalore, Karnataka -560099
Hospitals for heart transplant surgery in Pune
- N.M Wadia Institute of Cardiology
32, Sassoon Road, Pune-411001
Tel: +91-20-26058136, 26058141, 26058142, 26058432
- Dr. Abhijit Joshi Heart Care Center
7, Chinar Heights, 2nd Floor, Above Canara Bank,
Deep Bunglow Chowk, Model Colony,
Pune, Maharashtra 411016
020 2567 0604
Cost of Treating Heart Diseases
Heart transplant surgery is expensive and can be financially draining for the sufferer, despite measures such as medical insurance and loans. On an average, a single procedure of heart transplant surgery costs about 15 to 20 lakhs in India. A long recovery period after the heart transplant surgery does not allow you to work and that can affect your financial position deeply if you are the principal earning member of family.
Additionally there are heavy post-operative treatments and expensive medicines which are necessary to make sure that your body is adjusted to the transplant.
Why Online crowdfunding in India should replace the traditional alternative to raise funds for your heart transplant surgery?
Loans: The procedure to apply for loans is tedious as it requires a long process of documentation and verification. One of the drawback of loans is that the individual or family is burdened with repaying the debt with high interest rates.
Medical Insurance: As for medical insurances, a majority of the population doesn’t even have insurance. Moreover, the cost of getting a transplant surgery is so high that sometimes even insurances fail to be the solution.
Online crowdfunding in India for heart transplant surgery:
Crowdfunding in India enables you to use the power of technology to raise funds for your heart transplant surgery costs. You can refer this to get an exact idea how crowdfunding works in India.
You can follow these steps to raise your targeted amount quickly through crowdfunding in India:
- Start a fundraiser for free within 5 minutes.
- Write a compelling fundraiser story, tell people why you have opt for crowdfunding in India.
- Give details of your heart transplant surgery along with statement of estimated cost from hospital.
- Share the link of fundraiser frequently on social media platforms.
You can use following tips to make the most of your fundraiser.
Why online crowdfunding in India is the best option to finance your heart transplant surgery?
Following are the benefits of raising funds via online crowdfunding in India:
- You can raise funds without additional burden of debt through crowdfunding in India
- Starting a fundraiser is really easy on platforms for crowdfunding in India
- Various emerging platforms for crowdfunding in India
- Raise funds from home throughout the India via online crowdfunding in India
List of crowdfunding platforms in India where you can raise funds for your organ transplantation surgery:
- Impact Guru
Out of these, Impact Guru has raised Rs. 329 crores till date and is the best body for medical crowdfunding in India. Ketto has raised Rs.100 crores through crowdfunding in India. If you, or anyone you know is required to undergo a heart transplant surgery, and needs to raise funds for it, start a crowdfunding campaign in India on platforms like Impact Guru today and save a life.
Need a heart transplant surgery? Here’s a list of organisations that can help you.